The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution is a part of the Bill of Rights, which is the first ten amendments to the Constitution. The Fifth Amendment protects against self-incrimination and double jeopardy, and it also guarantees the right to due process of law.
"No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation."
The Fifth Amendment provides several important protections to individuals accused of crimes. It requires that a grand jury indictment be obtained before someone can be charged with a serious crime, and it prohibits a person from being tried twice for the same crime (double jeopardy).
The Fifth Amendment also protects against self-incrimination by providing the right to remain silent when questioned by the government. This right is often referred to as the "right to remain silent" or the "right to plead the Fifth."
Finally, the Fifth Amendment guarantees that no one can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, and it prohibits the government from taking private property for public use without just compensation.